We are very grateful to all the scientists, doctors, educators, journals, publishers, etc. that have studied and published all of the research and articles regarding the physical and mental benefits of Yoga, meditation, and mindfulness.
If every child was taught meditation, we would eradicate violence within one generation. ~ Dalai Lama
If we want to attain real peace in the world, then we must start by educating the children. ~ Gandhi
*If there are studies you think we should add, please feel free to send us a note at [email protected]
Being kind and compassionate lowers our heart rate, makes us more resilient to stress by lowering our stress hormones, and strengthens our immune systems. David R. Hamilton, PHD, Effect of compassion meditation on neuroendocrine, innate immune and behavioral responses to psychosocial stress 2008.
Breathing properly helps young kids control emotions. Metz, S. M., Frank, J. L., Reibel, D., Cantrell, T., Sanders, R., & Broderick, P. C. (2013). The effectiveness of the learning to BREATHE program on adolescent emotion regulation. Research in Human Development, 10(3), 252–272.
Coloring mandalas are a form of meditation and helps to decrease feelings of anxiety. Condon, P., Desbordes, G., Miller, W. B., & DeSteno, D. (2013). Meditation increases compassionate responses to suffering. Psychological Science, 24(10), 2125–2127.
Even at as young as two or three years old, children show that the act of giving leads to increased positive emotions. Desbordes, G., Negi, L. T., Pace, T. W., Wallace, B. A., Raison, C. L., & Schwartz, E. L. (2012). Effects of mindful-attention and compassion meditation training on amygdala response to emotional stimuli in an ordinary, non-meditative state. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 6. Including service learning within curriculum leads to an increase in knowledge of diversity and community. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.3200/CTCH.54.4.307-319#.UrTkdmRDs6E
Intentionally cultivating kindness and compassion triggers the brain for an increase in happiness. David R. Hamilton, PHD, Functional Neural Pasticity and Associated Changes in Positive Affect After Compassion Training 2013 & Practicing Compassion Increases Happiness and Self-Esteem 2011.
Kindergarten is a crucial learning time with far reaching implications for the future. Jones, D. E., Greenberg, M., & Crowley, M. (2015). Early Social-Emotional Functioning and Public Health: The Relationship Between Kindergarten Social Competence and Future Wellness. American Journal of Public Health, 105(11), 2283–2290.
Kindness and compassion foster a strong sense of connection, and can help us be less vulnerable to loneliness which has been shown to cause stress and harm the immune system. Birnie, K., Speca, M., & Carlson, L. E. (2010). Exploring self-compassion and empathy in the context of mindfulness-based stress reduction. Stress and Health, 26(5), 359–371.
Loving-kindness meditations helps increase feelings of social connectedness and positivity towards new people. Neff, K. D., & Germer, C. K. (2013). A Pilot Study and Randomized Controlled Trial of the Mindful Self-Compassion Program. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 69(1), 28–44.
Mindfulness has a positive impact on mental and physical health issues and also brain imaging shows mindfulness improves the quality of thoughts and feelings. http://www.enhancementthemes.ac.uk/docs/documents/impact-of-mindfulness—katherine-weare.pdf “Evidence for the Impact of Mindfulness on Children and Young People”By Katherine Weare.
Mindfulness helps focus and concentration. Ortner, C. N., Kilner, S. J., & Zelazo, P. D. (2007). Mindfulness meditation and reduced emotional interference on a cognitive task. Motivation and Emotion, 31(4), 271–283.
Mindfulness helps keep healthy people healthy. Chiesa, A., & Serretti, A. (2009). Mindfulness-based stress reduction for stress management in healthy people: a review and meta-analysis. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 15(5), 593–600.
Mindfulness helps kids deal with emotions and social interactions. Semple, R. J., Lee, J., Rosa, D., & Miller, L. F. (2010). A randomized trial of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for children: promoting mindful attention to enhance social-emotional resiliency in children. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 19(2), 218–229.
Mindfulness helps lessen anxiety and depression in minority children. Liehr, P., & Diaz, N. (2010). A Pilot Study Examining the Effect of Mindfulness on Depression and Anxiety for Minority Children. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 24(1), 69–71.
Mindfulness helps people with social anxiety. Goldin, P. R., & Gross, J. J. (2010). Effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) on emotion regulation in social anxiety disorder. Emotion, 10(1), 83.
Mindfulness helps reduce anxiety and depression. Stefan G Hofmann, Alice T Sawyer, Ashley a Witt, Diana Oh (2010) The effect of mindfulness-based therapy on anxiety and depression: A meta-analytic review., Journal of consulting and clinical psychology 78(2), p. 169-183, pubmed central, doi:10.1037/a0018555
Mindfulness helps reduce anxiety and stress. Hoge, E. A., Bui, E., Marques, L., Metcalf, C. A., Morris, L. K., Robinaugh, D. J., … Simon, N. M. (2013). Randomized Controlled Trial of Mindfulness Meditation for Generalized Anxiety Disorder: Effects on Anxiety and Stress Reactivity. The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 74(8), 786–792.
Mindfulness helps reduce depression in children. Raes, F., Griffith, J. W., Van der Gucht, K., & Williams, J. M. G. (2014). School-based prevention and reduction of depression in adolescents: A cluster-randomized controlled trial of a mindfulness group program. Mindfulness, 5(5), 477–486.
Mindfulness helps reduce teacher burnout. Roeser, R., Schonert-Reichl, K. A., Jha, A., Cullen, M., Wallace, L., Wilensky, R., … Harrison, J. (2013). Mindfulness training and reductions in teacher stress and burnout: Results from two randomized, waitlist-control field trials. Journal of Educational Psychology, 105(3), 787–804.
Mindfulness helps regulate emotions. Roemer, L., Williston, S. K., & Rollins, L. G. (2015). Mindfulness and emotion regulation. Current Opinion in Psychology, 3, 52–57.
Mindfulness helps regulate illnesses such as asthma. Pbert, L., Madison, J. M., Druker, S., Olendzki, N., Magner, R., Reed, G., … Carmody, J. (2012). Effect of mindfulness training on asthma quality of life and lung function: a randomized controlled trial. Thorax, 67(9), 769–776.
Mindfulness helps strengthen concentration. Jha, A. P., Krompinger, J., & Baime, M. J. (2007). Mindfulness training modifies subsystems of attention. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 7(2), 109–119.
Mindfulness helps teachers to remain calm and be better teachers. Flook, L., Goldberg, S. B., Pinger, L., Bonus, K., & Davidson, R. J. (2013). Mindfulness for teachers: A pilot study to assess effects on stress, burnout, and teaching efficacy. Mind, Brain, and Education, 7(3), 182–195.
Mindfulness improves learning environments. Jennings, P. A., Frank, J. L., Snowberg, K. E., Coccia, M. A., & Greenberg, M. T. (2013). Improving Classroom Learning Environments by Cultivating Awareness and Resilience in Education (CARE): Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial. School Psychology Quarterly, 28(4), 374–390.
Mindfulness in elementary school helps prepare children to deal with stress in adulthood. Napoli, M., Krech, P. R., & Holley, L. C. (2005). Mindfulness Training for Elementary School Students. Journal of Applied School Psychology, 21(1), 99–125.
Mindfulness in-class helps kids positively interact, deal with stress, and focus on learning. Sibinga, E. M. S., Webb, L., Ghazarian, S. R., & Ellen, J. M. (2016). School-Based Mindfulness Instruction: An RCT. Pediatrics, 137(1), 1-8.
Mindfulness increases oxytocin which reduces levels of inflammation in the body. David R. Hamilton, PHD Effect of compassion meditation on neuroendocrine, innate immune and behavioral responses to psychosocial stress 2008.
Mindfulness interventions in schools. Zenner, C., Herrnleben-Kurz, S., & Walach, H. (2014). Mindfulness-based interventions in schools—a systematic review and meta-analysis. Frontiers in Psychology, 5.
Mindfulness program in-class reduce likelihood of depression related symptoms in young adults. Mindfulness at school Reduces (Likelihood Of) Depression-Related Symptoms in Adolescents 2013
Mindfulness programs have a positive effect on urban youth. Mendelson, T., Greenberg, M. T., Dariotis, J. K., Gould, L. F., Rhoades, B. L., & Leaf, P. J. (2010). Feasibility and preliminary outcomes of a school-based mindfulness intervention for urban youth. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 38(7), 985–994.
Mindfulness programs in elementary school help cognitive and social development. Schonert-Reichl, K. A., Oberle, E., Lawlor, M. S., Abbott, D., Thomson, K., Oberlander, T. F., & Diamond, A. (2015). Enhancing cognitive and social–emotional development through a simple-to-administer mindfulness-based school program for elementary school children: A randomized controlled trial. Developmental Psychology, 51(1), 52-66.
Mindfulness proven to be effective in helping students manage stress and anxiety, improve focus, harness attention, manage emotions, & do better in school. Meiklejohn, J., et al. (2012). Integrating Mindfulness Training into K-12 Education. Mindfulness.
Our minds can control our bodies. Brown, K. W., & Ryan, R. M. (2003). The benefits of being present: mindfulness and its role in psychological well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84(4), 822-848.
Reducing stress helps behavior in school. Barnes, V. A., Bauza, L. B., & Treiber, F. A. (2003). Impact of stress reduction on negative school behavior in adolescents. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 1(10), 1–7.
Teaching kids how to cope with emotions helps them react appropriately to stress in the future. Kemeny, M. E., Foltz, C., Cavanagh, J. F., Cullen, M., Giese-Davis, J., Jennings, P., Wallace, B. A. (2012). Contemplative/emotion training reduces negative emotional behavior and promotes pro-social responses. Emotion, 12(2), 338.
Social Emotional Learning Research:
DePaoli, J. L., Atwell, M., & Bridgeland, J. (2017). Ready to lead: A national principal survey on how social and emotional learning can prepare children and transform schools. Washington DC: Civic Enterprises and Hart Research Associates for CASEL.
Durlak, J. A., Weissberg, R. P., Dymnicki, A. B., Taylor, R. D. & Schellinger, K. B. (2011). The impact of enhancing students’ social and emotional learning: A meta-analysis of school-based universal interventions. Child Development, 82, 405–432.
Jagers, R. J., Harris, A., & Skoog, A. (2015). A review of classroom-based SEL programs at the middle school level. In J. A. Durlak, C. E. Domitrovich, R. P. Weissberg, & T. P. Gullotta (Eds.), Handbook for social and emotional learning: Research and practice (pp. 167-180). New York, NY: The Guilford Press.
Jones, S. M., Barnes, S. P., Bailey, R., & Doolittle, E. J. (2017). Promoting social and emotional competencies in elementary school. Future of Children, 27(1), 49-72.
Killingsworth, M., & Gilbert, D. (2010). A Wandering Mind Is an Unhappy Mind. Science, 330 (6006), 932.
Kopershock, H., Harms, T., de Boer, H., van Kuijk, M., & Doolaard, S. (2016). A meta-analysis of the effects of classroom management strategies and classroom management programs on students’ academic, behavioral, emotional, and motivational outcomes. Review of Educational Research, 86, 643-680. DOI: 10.3102/0034654315626799
Oberle, E., Domitrovich, C. E., Meyers, D. C., & Weissberg, R. P. (2016). Establishing systemic social and emotional learning approaches in schools: A framework for schoolwide implementation. Cambridge Journal of Education, 46, 277-297. doi:10.1080/0305764X.2015.1125450
Seligman, M.E.P., Steen, T.A., Park, N., & Peterson, C. (2005). Positive Psychology Progress: Empirical Validation of Interventions. American Psychologist, 60(5), 410-421.
Stellar, J. E., John-Henderson, N., Anderson, C. L., Gordon, A. M., McNeil, G. D., & Keltner, D. (2015). Positive affect and markers of inflammation: Discrete positive emotions predict lower levels of inflammatory cytokines. Emotion, 15(2), 129-133.
Taylor, R., Oberle, E., Durlak, J. A., & Weissberg, R. P. (2017). Promoting positive youth development through school-based social and emotional learning interventions: A meta-analysis of follow-up effects. Child Development, 88, 1156-1181. DOI:10.1111/cdev.12864
Weng, Y.H., et. al. (2013). Compassion Training Alters Altruism and Neural Responses to Suffering Psychological Science, E-pub
Williamson, A. A., Modecki, K. L., & Guerra, N. G. (2015). SEL programs in high school. In J. A. Durlak, C. E. Domitrovich, R. P. Weissberg, & T. P. Gullotta (Eds.), Handbook for social and emotional learning: Research and practice (pp. 181-196). New York, NY: The Guilford Press.
Meditation helps adolescents focus and pay better attention. Baijal, S., Jha, A. P., Kiyonaga, A., Singh, R., & Srinivasan, N. (2011). The influence of concentrative meditation training on the development of attention networks during early adolescence. Frontiers in Psychology, 2, 1-9.
Meditation helps improve academics and behavior. Schecter, H.W. A psychological investigation into the source of the effect of the Transcendental Meditation technique. Dissertation Abstracts International 38(7): 3372B–3373B, 1978.
Meditation helps improve echolalia behavior of autistic children. Wood, M.F. The effectiveness of Transcendental Meditation as a means of improving the echolalic behavior of an autistic student. Paper presented at the International Symposium on Autism Research, Boston, Massachusetts, July 1981.
Meditation helps improve social trends by preventing violence. Hagelin, J.S. et al. Effects of group practice of the Transcendental Meditation program on preventing violent crime in Washington, DC: Results of the National Demonstration Project, June–July 1993. Social Indicators Research 47: 153–201, 1999.
Meditation helps improves social behavior. Gelderloos, P. Cognitive orientation toward positive values in advanced participants of the TM and TM-Sidhi program. Perceptual and Motor Skills 64: 1003–1012, 1987.
Meditation helps increase alertness and awareness. Appelle, S. and Oswald, L.E. Simple reaction time as a function of alertness and prior mental activity. Perceptual and Motor Skills 38: 1263–1268, 1974.
Meditation helps increase brain function. McEvoy, T.M. et al. Effects of meditation on brainstem auditory evoked potentials. International Journal of Neuroscience 10: 165–170, 1980.
Meditation helps increase peace through collective consciousness. Assimakis, P.D. and Dillbeck, M.C. Time series analysis of improved quality of life in Canada: Social change, collective consciousness, and the TM-Sidhi program. Psychological Reports 76: 1171–1193, 1995.
Meditation helps increase productivity. Frew, D.R. Transcendental Meditation and productivity. Academy of Management Journal 17: 362–368, 1974.
Meditation helps increase the ability to reach true potential. Seeman, W. et al. Influence of Transcendental Meditation on a measure of self-actualization. Journal of Counseling Psychology 19: 184–187, 1972.
Meditation helps increases efficiency. Holt, W.R. et al. Transcendental Meditation vs. pseudo-meditation on visual choice reaction time. Perceptual and Motor Skills 46: 726, 1978.
Meditation helps kids behave better in school. Barnes, V.A. et al. Impact of stress reduction on negative school behavior in adolescents. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 1:10, 2003.
Meditation helps kids do better academically in school. Cranson, R.W. et al. Transcendental Meditation and improved performance on intelligence-related measures: A longitudinal study. Personality and Individual Differences 12: 1105–1116, 1991.
Meditation helps kids process information, understand, and remember. So, K.T. and Orme-Johnson, D.W. Three randomized experiments on the longitudinal effects of the Transcendental Meditation technique on cognition. Intelligence 29: 419–440, 2001.
Meditation helps lower anxiety, relax muscles, and recover from stress quickly. Eppley, K.R. et al. Differential effects of relaxation techniques on trait anxiety: A meta-analysis. Journal of Clinical Psychology 45: 957–974, 1989.
Meditation helps lower blood pressure in youth. Barnes, V. A., Davis, H. C., Murzynowski, J. B., & Treiber, F. A. (2004). Impact of meditation on resting and ambulatory blood pressure and heart rate in youth. Psychosomatic Medicine, 66(6), 909-914.
Meditation helps prevent heart disease and hypertension. Walton, K.G. et al. Psychosocial stress and cardiovascular disease, Part 2: Effectiveness of the Transcendental Meditation program in treatment and prevention. Behavioral Medicine 28: 106–123, 2002.
Meditation helps reduce amount of medical and hospital care. Orme-Johnson, D.W. Medical care utilization and the Transcendental Meditation program. Psychosomatic Medicine 49: 493–507, 1987.
Meditation helps reduce anxiety. Dillbeck, M.C. The effect of the Transcendental Meditation technique on anxiety level. Journal of Clinical Psychology 33: 1076–1078, 1977.
Meditation helps reduce blood pressure in African-American kids. Barnes, V.A. et al. Impact of Transcendental Meditation on ambulatory blood pressure in African-American adolescents. American Journal of Hypertension 17: 366–369, 2004.
Meditation helps reduce conflict and crime. Hatchard, G.D. et al. A model for social improvement. Time series analysis of a phase transition to reduced crime in Merseyside metropolitan area. Psychology, Crime, and Law 2: 165–174, 1996.
Meditation helps reduce crime. Dillbeck, M.C. et al. Consciousness as a field: The Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program and changes in social indicators. The Journal of Mind and Behavior 8: 67–104, 1987.
Meditation helps reduce daily stress and improves health and well-being. Alexander, C.N. et al. Effects of the Transcendental Meditation program on stress reduction, health, and employee development: A prospective study in two occupational settings. Anxiety, Stress and Coping: An International Journal 6: 245–262, 1993.
Meditation helps reduce drug and alcohol use. Alexander, C.N. et al. Treating and preventing alcohol, nicotine, and drug abuse through Transcendental Meditation: A review and statistical meta-analysis. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly 11: 13–87, 1994.
Meditation helps reduce violence. Dillbeck, M.C. Test of a field theory of consciousness and social change: Time series analysis of participation in the TM-Sidhi program and reduction of violent death in the U.S. Social Indicators Research 22: 399–418, 1990.
Meditation helps sharpen attention. Lutz, A., Slagter, H. A., Dunne, J. D., & Davidson, R. J. (2008). Attention regulation and monitoring in meditation. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 12(4), 163–169.
Meditation helps students do better academically. Nidich, S.I. et al. School effectiveness: Achievement gains at the Maharishi School of the Age of Enlightenment. Education 107: 49–54, 1986. Nidich, S.I. and Nidich, R.J. Increased academic achievement at Maharishi School of the Age of Enlightenment: A replication study. Education 109: 302–304, 1989.
Meditation helps to calm and relax, reduce stress, reduce depression and anxiety, and increase mental well-being. Sedlmeier, P., Eberth, J., Schwarz, M., Zimmermann, D., Haarig, F., Jaeger, S., & Kunze, S. (2012). The psychological effects of meditation: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 138(6), 1139.
Meditation helps to increase creativity. Travis, F. The Transcendental Meditation technique and creativity: A longitudinal study of Cornell University undergraduates. Journal of Creative Behavior 13: 169–180, 1979.
Meditation helps to increase intelligence and creativity. Jedrczak, A. et al. The TM-Sidhi programme, pure consciousness, creativity and intelligence. The Journal of Creative Behavior 19: 270–275, 1985.
Meditation helps to increase intelligence. Tjoa, A. Increased intelligence and reduced neuroticism through the Transcendental Meditation program. Gedrag: Tijdschrift voor Psychologie 3: 167–182, 1975.
Meditation helps to increase self-satisfaction and happiness in life by enhancing positive thinking. Ramesh M.G et al (2013), Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research http://www.jcdr.net/article_abstract.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2013&volume=7&issue=10&page=2265&issn=0973-709x&id=3488
Meditation helps to reduce the utilization and cost of medical care. Orme-Johnson, D.W. and Herron, R.E. An innovative approach to reducing medical care utilization and expenditures. The American Journal of Managed Care 3: 135–144, 1997.
Meditation helps to see things more clearly and problem-solve. Dillbeck, M.C. Meditation and flexibility of visual perception and verbal problem-solving. Memory & Cognition 10: 207–215, 1982.
Meditation helps us think, focus, and concentrate better. Aron, A. The Transcendental Meditation program in the college curriculum: A 4-year longitudinal study of effects on cognitive and affective functioning. College Student Journal 15: 140–146, 1981.
Meditation in young children lends itself to better cognitive development and functioning as the children grow-up. Dixon, C.A. Consciousness and cognitive development: A six-month longitudinal study of four-year-olds practicing the children’s Transcendental Meditation technique. Dissertation Abstracts International 50(3): 1518B, 1989.
Laughter Yoga decreases depression and increases life satisfaction. Shahidi et al (2010), International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/gps.2545/abstract
Middle and high school students perceive the benefits to Yoga as increased self-regulation, mindfulness, self-esteem, physical conditioning, academic performance, and stress reduction. Wang et al (2016), Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ecam/2016/8725654/
Pranayama’ or yogic breathing helps with lung expansion and asthma. Prakasamma et al (2006), Journal of Advanced Nursing http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2648.1984.tb00353.x/abstract
Yoga and mindfulness help increase empathy. Karma Yoga is like altruism motivation. If kids have a lot of empathic concern and a minimum of stress, they are more likely to do things to help others rather than being selfish. Mulla et al (2014), Psychology and Developing Societies http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/097133360702000102%22
Yoga can improve respiratory muscle strength in pediatric population. D’Souza et al (2014), International Journal of Yoga. http://www.ijoy.org.in/article.asp?issn=0973-6131;year=2014;volume=7;issue=1;spage=41;epage=47;aulast=D%ABSQ%BBSouza;type=0
Yoga helps reduce alcohol use in treatment. Hallgren et al (2014), Complementary Therapies in Medicinehttp://www.complementarytherapiesinmedicine.com/article/S0965-2299%2814%2900034-X/fulltext
Yoga helps adolescents in an acute care psychiatric hospital learn to soothe themselves, to regulate their emotions, and to find relief from emotional distress. Re et al (2014), Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
Yoga helps athletes keep their body healthy. Martarelli et al (2011), Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ecam/2011/932430/
Yoga helps bones heal from fractures or breaks. Oswal et al (2011), The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine. http://online.liebertpub.com/doi/abs/10.1089/acm.2010.0001
Yoga helps cope with emotions. Kahya et al (2016), EXPLORE: The Journal of Science & Healing. http://www.explorejournal.com/article/S1550-8307(16)30235-X/abstract
Yoga helps deal with chronic pain. Wren et al (2011), Pain: The Journal of the International Association for the Study of Pain. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3040510/
Yoga helps deal with pain in people who have IBS. Kuo et al (2015), PLOS ONE (Public Library of Science open-access journal). http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0123861
Yoga helps decrease aggressiveness in adolescent boys. Deshpande et al (2008), International Journal of Yoga. http://www.ijoy.org.in/article.asp?issn=0973-6131;year=2008;volume=1;issue=2;spage=76;epage=82;aulast=Deshpande;type=0
Yoga helps decrease anxiety, depression, and tension, and increases well-being. Kozasa et al (2008), Perceptual & Motor Skills. http://www.amsciepub.com/doi/abs/10.2466/pr0.103.1.271-274
Yoga helps decrease anxiety. Mullur et al (2014), Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25508315
Yoga helps decrease depression. Shapiro et al (2007), Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ecam/2007/798782/abs/
Yoga helps decrease pain in kids and helps them cope with pain. Brands et al (2011), Complementary Therapies in Medicine. http://www.complementarytherapiesinmedicine.com/article/S0965-2299%2811%2900058-6/fulltext
Yoga helps decrease stress. Brisbon et al (2011), Journal of Religion and Health. http://www.jstor.org/stable/41349848?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents
Yoga helps improve academic and behavioral performance in kids with ADHD. Mehta et al (2011), ISRN Pediatrics. http://www.hindawi.com/journals/isrn/2011/780745/
Yoga helps improve academic performance. Butzer et al (2015), Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ecam/2015/259814/
Yoga helps improve anxiety and depression in addicts in rehab. Marefat et al (2011), The Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1877042811021148
Yoga helps improve arm and abdominal muscular endurance. Shiraishi et al (2016), Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice. http://www.ctcpjournal.com/article/S1744-3881(15)30025-6/abstract
Yoga helps improve balance. Nick et al (2016), PM&R. http://www.pmrjournal.org/article/S1934-1482(15)00751-0/abstract
Yoga helps improve coping abilities, self-esteem, & self-regulation in adolescents. White et al (2014), Journal of Pediatric Health Care. http://www.jpedhc.org/article/S0891-5245(11)00055-1/abstract
Yoga helps improve emotional intelligence. Adhia et al (2010), IIMB Management Review. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0970389610000169
Yoga helps improve emotional stability. Ganpat et al (2011), Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23362721
Yoga helps improve gross motor development of pre-school children, helps them with balance and functional leg strength. Bubela et al (2014), Journal of Yoga & Physical Therapy. http://omicsonline.org/open-access/a-comparison-of-preschoolers-motor-abilities-before-and-after-a-week-yoga-program-2157-7595.1000158.php?aid=24001
Yoga helps improve health in people with chronic disease. Cramer et al (2013), Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Yoga helps improve IQ and social adaptation in mentally challenged children. Uma et al (1989), Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2788.1989.tb01496.x/abstract
Yoga helps improve learning, classroom behavior, handling adverse circumstances, and stand as a preventive measure for mental health problems. Purohit et al (2017), Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2225411016300013
Yoga helps improve memory. Rocha et al (2012), Consciousness and Cognition. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1053810012000165
Yoga helps improve physical function, mental/emotional state, sleep quality, lifestyle choices, and prevents and manages chronic disease. Alexander et al (2012), Complementary Therapies in Medicine http://www.complementarytherapiesinmedicine.com/article/S0965-2299%2812%2900157-4/abstract.
Yoga helps improve posttraumatic stress disorder. Dick et al (2014), Journal of Clinical Psychology. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jclp.22104/abstract
Yoga helps improve psychological health in cancer patients. Lin et al (2011), Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ecam/2011/659876/
Yoga helps improve range of motion at the shoulder and hip and may also help with joint restrictions. Sager et al (2014), International Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation. http://omicsonline.org/open-access/comparison-of-yoga-versus-static-stretching-for-increasing-hip-and-shoulder-range-of-motion-2329-9096.1000208.php?aid=28562
Yoga helps improve sleep quality and social interactions. Thoradardottir et al (2014), Complementary Therapies in Medicine. http://www.complementarytherapiesinmedicine.com/article/S0965-2299%2814%2900011-9/abstract
Yoga helps improve strength and endurance in kids. D’souza et al (2014), Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25508310
Yoga helps improve strength, balance, flexibility, and functional mobility in children. Buggiski et al (2013), Journal of Yoga & Physical Therapy. http://omicsonline.org/exploring-yogas-effects-on-impairments-and-functional-limitations-for-a-nineyearold-female-with-cerebral-palsy-a-case-report-2157-7595.1000140.php?aid=17409%3faid=17409
Yoga helps improve strength, endurance, and asthma. Kids should take Yoga in school to improve physiological functions, overall health and performance. Reddy et al (2010), British Journal of Sports Medicine. http://bjsm.bmj.com/content/44/Suppl_1/i68.2.abstract?sid=69e676a3-0132-4661-a80c-fd50606a78a5
Yoga helps improve students’ academics. Kauts et al (2009), International Journal of Yoga. http://www.ijoy.org.in/article.asp?issn=0973-6131;year=2009;volume=2;issue=1;spage=39;epage=43;aulast=Kauts
Yoga helps improves students’ academics and GPA. Hagins et al (2016), Mind, Brain, and Education. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/mbe.12107/full
Yoga helps increase attention span, self-control, and compassion. Hernández et al (2016), PLOS ONE. http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0150757
Yoga helps increase attention span. Khemka et al (2011), International Journal of Yoga. http://www.ijoy.org.in/article.asp?issn=0973-6131;year=2011;volume=4;issue=2;spage=93;epage=99;aulast=Khemka
Yoga helps increase compassion for self and others, and helped uninsured and low-income patients reduce depression and/or anxiety symptoms. Falsafi et al (2015), Journal of Holistic Nursing. http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/0898010115569351
Yoga helps increase flexibility. Amin et al (2014), Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies. http://www.bodyworkmovementtherapies.com/article/S1360-8592%2813%2900190-3/fulltext
Yoga helps increase quality of life, physical and mental fitness in pediatric cancer out-patients. Wurz et al (2014), Pediatric Blood & Cancer. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/pbc.25096/abstract
Yoga helps increase self-confidence, self-esteem, satisfaction, life purpose, resilience, and well-being. Hartfiel et al (2011), Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health. http://www.sjweh.fi/show_abstract.php?abstract_id=2916
Yoga helps keep the anxiety levels in check such that it rises only to [a] level where it is beneficial and not harmful. Gopal et al (2011), International Journal of Yoga. http://www.ijoy.org.in/article.asp?issn=0973-6131;year=2011;volume=4;issue=1;spage=26;epage=32;aulast=Gopal
Yoga helps kids control behavior and deal with stress. Jellesma et al (2012), Journal of Holistic Nursing. http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/0898010111418117
Yoga helps kids control emotions after trauma. Butzer et al (2015), Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ecam/2015/259814/
Yoga helps kids dealing with acute pain, chronic pain, and mental-health problems.
Hartmann et al (2012), Focus on Alternative and Complementary Therapies. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.2042-7166.2012.01146.x/abstract
Yoga helps kids living in stressful situations. Ehud et al (2010), International Journal of Yoga. http://www.ijoy.org.in/article.asp?issn=0973-6131;year=2010;volume=3;issue=2;spage=42;epage=47;aulast=Ehud;type=0
Yoga helps kids relax and reduce recurrent headaches. Fury et al (2013), Global Advances in Health and Medicine. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3875043/
Yoga helps kids with stress and behavior management. Butzer et al (2014), Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary & Alternative Medicine. http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/2156587214557695
Yoga helps lesson fatigue. Bower et al (2011), Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ecam/2011/623168/
Yoga helps lower anxiety in people with chronic diseases. Yadav (2012), International Journal of Yoga. http://www.ijoy.org.in/article.asp?issn=0973-6131;year=2012;volume=5;issue=2;spage=134;epage=139;aulast=Yadav
Yoga helps lower blood pressure, heart rate, body fat, total cholesterol, and is beneficial for cardiac and hypertensive patients. Pal et al (2011), Complementary Therapies in Medicine. http://www.complementarytherapiesinmedicine.com/article/S0965-2299%2811%2900055-0/fulltext
Yoga helps manage stress post- natural disaster. Telles et al (2007), Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ecam/2007/327863/abs/
Yoga helps manage symptoms of illness and prevent depression and anxiety related to illness. Rahimi et al (2010), British Journal of Sports Medicine. http://bjsm.bmj.com/content/44/Suppl_1/i68.4.abstract?sid=32a5baff-92bb-4129-bc09-a7d7a4916826
Yoga helps memory and efficiency of switching tasks. Gothe et al (2014). https://academic.oup.com/biomedgerontology/article/69/9/1109/575382/The-Effects-of-an-8-Week-Hatha-Yoga-Intervention
Yoga helps patients and caregivers evade depression. Waelde et al (2004), Journal of Clinical Psychology.
Yoga helps people who have an anxiety disorder. Khalsa et al (2014), Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/cpp.1902/abstract
Yoga helps people with ADHD. Hariprasad et al (2013), Indian Journal of Psychiatry. http://www.indianjpsychiatry.org/article.asp?issn=0019-5545;year=2013;volume=55;issue=7;spage=379;epage=384;aulast=Hariprasad
Yoga helps perception of inner-peace and peace culture, and the cultivation of virtuous values such as not resorting to drug use when stressed. Siegel et al (2009), Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary & Alternative Medicine. http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/1533210109343306
Yoga helps pregnant urban adolescents de-stress, manage depression, and build relationships. Kinser et al (2015), Women’s Health Issues. http://www.whijournal.com/article/S1049-3867%2814%2900136-4/fulltext
Yoga helps prevent and manage disease. Sharma et al (2008), Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacologhy. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19130855
Yoga helps prevent eating disorders. Daubenmier (2005), Psychology of Women Quarterly. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1471-6402.2005.00183.x/abstract
Yoga helps reduce anxiety and improve sleep and balance in kids. Hooke et al (2015), Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing. http://jpo.sagepub.com/content/33/1/64.abstract
Yoga helps reduce anxiety within 10 days. Gupta et al (2006), Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16850902
Yoga helps reduce anxiety, depression, panic, and improves sleep and quality of life.
Khalsa et al (2014), Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/cpp.1902/abstract
Yoga helps reduce anxiety. Gururaja et al (2011), International Journal of Yoga. http://www.ijoy.org.in/article.asp?issn=0973-6131;year=2011;volume=4;issue=1;spage=7;epage=12;aulast=Gururaja;type=0
Yoga helps reduce depression and anxiety in caregivers of Alzheimer’s patients. Danucalov et al (2013), Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ecam/2013/513149/
Yoga helps reduce eating disorders, stress, and hypertension, among other illnesses. Ramos-Jiménez et al (2015), International Journal of Yoga. http://www.ijoy.org.in/article.asp?issn=0973-6131;year=2015;volume=8;issue=2;spage=89;epage=95;aulast=Ramos-Jim%E9nez
Yoga helps reduce fatigue in MS patients. Oken et al (2004), Neurology. http://www.uvm.edu/~rsingle/JournalClub/papers/Oken%2BNeurology-2004_MS%2Byoga.pdf
Yoga helps reduce frequency of asthma attacks and drug use. Nagarathna et al (1985), British Medical Journal. http://www.jstor.org/stable/29520949?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents
Yoga helps reduce inflammation. Tenfelde et al (2014), The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25137182
Yoga helps reduce insomnia. Sobana et al (2013), Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. http://www.jcdr.net/article_abstract.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2013&volume=7&issue=1&page=55&issn=0973-709x&id=2669
Yoga helps reduce obesity. Moliver et al (2011), International Journal of Yoga. http://www.ijoy.org.in/article.asp?issn=0973-6131;year=2011;volume=4;issue=2;spage=77;epage=86;aulast=Moliver;type=0
Yoga helps reduce pediatric obesity. Hainsworth et al (2014), Journal of Yoga & Physical Therapy. http://omicsonline.org/open-access/hatha-yoga-for-pediatric-obesity-a-pilot-study-2157-7595.1000172.php?aid=32543
Yoga helps reduce stress in MS and cancer patients. Pritchard et al (2009), Stress & Health. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/smi.1290/abstract
Yoga helps reduce stress. Patil et al (2013), Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24617165
Yoga helps regulate emotions. Menezes et al (2015), Psychology & Neuroscience. http://psycnet.apa.org/index.cfm?fa=buy.optionToBuy&id=2015-03456-001
Yoga helps regulate hormones and menstrual periods. Nidhi et al (2013), The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine. http://online.liebertpub.com/doi/abs/10.1089/acm.2011.0868
Yoga helps regulate mood during menstrual cycle. Rani et al (2012), International Journal of Yoga. http://www.ijoy.org.in/article.asp?issn=0973-6131;year=2012;volume=5;issue=1;spage=52;epage=56;aulast=Rani
Yoga helps students overcome exam stress. Subramanian et al (2012), International Journal of Yoga. http://www.ijoy.org.in/article.asp?issn=0973-6131;year=2012;volume=5;issue=1;spage=21;epage=27;aulast=Subramanian
Yoga helps with coping strategies, regulate moods, pain, and acceptance. Carson et al (2010), Pain: The Journal of the International Association for the Study of Pain. http://journals.lww.com/pain/Abstract/2010/11000/A_pilot_randomized_controlled_trial_of_the_Yoga_of.38.aspx
Yoga helps with improved flexibility of shoulder, hip, trunk and neck, and also reduces anxiety & depression. Ray et al (2001), Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11211570
Yoga helps with muscle strength and flexibility. Halder et al (2015), International Journal of Yoga. http://www.ijoy.org.in/article.asp?issn=0973-6131;year=2015;volume=8;issue=1;spage=37;epage=46;aulast=Halder
Yoga helps with posture, body pain, and muscle problems. Pimentel do Rosario (2012), Journal of Yoga & Physical Therapy. http://omicsonline.org/efficiency-of-modified-yoga-positions-to-treat-postural-pathologies-associated-pain-a-literature-review-2157-7595.1000128.php?aid=10364
Yoga helps with self-perception, body image, and stress regulation. Villemure et al (2015), Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fnhum.2015.00281/full
Yoga helps with weight loss and positive body image. Ross et al (2016), Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ecam/2016/2914745/
Yoga in PE claases help children’s development. Folleto et al (2016), International Journal of Yoga. http://www.ijoy.org.in/article.asp?issn=0973-6131;year=2016;volume=9;issue=2;spage=156;epage=162;aulast=Folleto;type=0
Yoga practice helps lead to personal transformation, increases social interaction, & provides coping mechanisms to weather difficulties. Ross et al (2014), Journal of Holistic Nursing. http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/0898010113508466
Yoga promotes healthy behaviors in adolescents. Conboy et al (2013), Explore: The Journal of Science and Healing. http://www.explorejournal.com/article/S1550-8307%2813%2900044-X/fulltext
Yogic breathing (Pranayama) helps reduce test anxiety and helps kids have better test performance. Nemati (2013), International Journal of Yoga. http://www.ijoy.org.in/article.asp?issn=0973-6131;year=2013;volume=6;issue=1;spage=55;epage=60;aulast=Nemati
Yogic breathing helps improve fine motor skills. Telles et al (2012), International Journal of Yoga. http://www.ijoy.org.in/article.asp?issn=0973-6131;year=2012;volume=5;issue=1;spage=37;epage=41;aulast=Telles
*If there are articles you think we should add, please feel free to send us a note at [email protected]
Anxiety and Mindfulness: https://childmind.org/article/anxiety-and-mindfulness/
Benefits of Mindfulness for Children: https://www.forbes.com/sites/alicegwalton/2016/10/18/the-many-benefits-of-meditation-for-children/#5b3abbe5dbe3
CDC Mental Health Disorders Surveillance 2005-2011: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/su6202a1.htm?s_cid=su6202a1_w
CDC Mental Illness in Kids Stats: https://www.cdc.gov/childrensmentalhealth/data.html
How Mindfulness Can Help Care Givers: https://childmind.org/article/how-mindfulness-can-help-caregivers/
“Kinder Kindergarten: Mindfulness Tips for Preschoolers and Their Families” by Kelly April Tyrell of the University of Wisconsin – Madison. http://uwmadscience.news.wisc.edu/health/kinder-kindergarten-mindfulness-tips-for-preschoolers-and-their-families/
Lessons from Kindness in Schools: https://centerhealthyminds.org/join-the-movement/lessons-from-creating-a-kindness-curriculum
Meditations that center around compassion lead to changes in area of the the brain associated with empathy and result in an increase in altruistic behavior. https://www.psychologicalscience.org/news/releases/compassion-training.html
Mind Body Connection Collective Evolution Article: http://www.collective-evolution.com/2017/11/20/science-is-showing-how-our-mind-plays-a-critical-role-in-healing-our-body/
Mind Body Connection Guardian Article: https://www.theguardian.com/science/2016/feb/15/jo-marchant-mind-body-health-medicine-science
Mind Body Connection Science Explorer Article: http://thescienceexplorer.com/brain-and-body/mind-body-connection-new-evidence-how-mental-states-alter-organ-function
Mindfulness Being Used in Schools and Hospitals: https://usatoday30.usatoday.com/news/health/2009-06-07-meditate_N.htm
Mindfulness in the Classroom: https://childmind.org/article/mindfulness-in-the-classroom/
NBC News Depression worsening: https://www.nbcnews.com/health/mental-health/depression-worsening-teens-especially-girls-n683716
NBC News Suicide at all time high: https://www.nbcnews.com/health/health-news/suicides-teen-girls-hit-40-year-high-n789351
NBC News Suicide in Middle School: https://www.nbcnews.com/health/kids-health/suicide-kills-more-middle-school-students-car-crashes-n677881
Practical techniques to generate greater happiness and a more meaningful life; exercise for students to help them build a stronger sense of their own happiness. “Social and Emotional Curriculum: Understanding Happiness” by Randy Taran. http://www.edutopia.org/blog/understanding-happiness-door-one-randy-taran
Social Media Stress Mindfulness: https://childmind.org/article/social-media-stress-mindfulness/
The Power of Mindfulness: https://childmind.org/article/the-power-of-mindfulness/
Well Being Tips for Children and Families: https://centerhealthyminds.org/join-the-movement/well-being-tips-for-children-and-their-families
What if Schools Taught Kindness: https://greatergood.berkeley.edu/article/item/what_if_schools_taught_kindness
When Mindfulness Meets the Classroom: https://www.theatlantic.com/education/archive/2015/08/mindfulness-education-schools-meditation/402469/
Yoga National Geographic Article: http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2014/02/140207-yoga-cancer-inflammation-stress/
*If there are books/reports you think we should add, please feel free to send us a note at [email protected]
Analysis of the leading mindfulness based school curricula available to date, and how mindfulness skills can increase teachers sense of well-being and self-efficacy. “Integrating Mindfulness Training into K-12 Education: Fostering the Resilience of Teachers and Students” By John Meiklejohn, Catherine Phillips, M. Lee Freedman, Mary Lee Griffin, Gina Biegel, Andy Roach, Jenny Frank, Christine Burke, Laura Pinger, et al. White Paper-Integrating Mindfulness into K-12 Education
Child Mind Children’s Mental Health Report: https://childmind.org/report/2017-childrens-mental-health-report/
Elias, M. J., Tobias, S.E (2018). Boost Emotional Intelligence in Students: 30 Flexible Research-Based Activities to Build EQ Skills (Grades 5–9). Golden Valley, MN: Free Spirit.
Gratitude has lasting and positive impacts for students that continue to be present years later, such as higher life satisfaction, increased hope and a stronger sense of meaning in life. https://people.hofstra.edu/Jeffrey_J_Froh/files/JSP523_Final_2.11.08.pdf
Kindness is contagious – when we’re kind, we inspire others to be kind. Studies show that it actually creates a ripple effect that spreads outwards to our friends’ friends’ friends – to 3-degrees of separation. David R. Hamilton, PHD Kindness Study: https://centerhealthyminds.org/assets/files-publications/FlookPromotingDevPsych.pdf
Children, like adults, substantially increased the practice of yoga [from 2.3% to 3.1%] between 2007 and 2012. Black et al (2015). https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nhsr/nhsr078.pdf
National Commission on Social, Emotional, and Academic Development (2017). The evidence base for how we learn: Supporting students’ social, emotional, and academic development. Washington, DC: The Aspen Institute. Retrieved from: https://assets.aspeninstitute.org/content/uploads/2017/09/SEAD-Research-Brief-11.1.17.pdf
Poliner, R. and Benson, J. (2017). Teaching the Whole Teen: Everyday Practices That Promote Success and Resilience in School and Life Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
*If you would like information about our Wuf Shanti curriculum for schools and hospitals, please feel free to reach out to us at [email protected]